Susquehanna University Political Review


Chelsea Cirillo


Many political scientists argue that anocracies, or semi-democracies, are more prone to political violence than countries that are either strictly democratic or strictly authoritarian (Vreeland 2003, 401). An anocracy is defined as, “a type of regime that mixes democratic with autocratic features.” To test this theory, I will study the governmental system of Egypt, a country that has long been deemed a semi-democratic nation. Egypt has a score of -4 on the Polity Data Series, which ranges from -10 to 10, and is titled a “closed anocracy” (Polity IV). I will examine the governmental history of Egypt. I will particularly look at civil war and revolution within the government, and the history of violence as it has risen and fallen with levels of popular sovereignty. Lessons that can be learned from a study of this sort is the need for a strong, centralized government in a state.